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There are 542 Federal offices: President, Vice President, 100 U.S. Senators (two from each state), 435 U.S. Representatives, four delegates to the House of Representatives from U.S. territories and the District of Columbia, and one Resident Commissioner from the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
U.S. Senators serve six-year terms, with one-third of them up for election every even-numbered year. U.S. Representatives serve two-year terms, with the entire House up for election every even-numbered year.
To find out who your U.S. Senator or Representative is and how to contact them:
United States Senate
United States House of Representatives
In most states, state offices include: Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, and Attorney General, State Supreme Court Justices, Comptroller, Treasurer, State Senators and State Legislators. These officials are elected by the voters of the districts they serve.
Many states hold referenda to submit legislative matters to the voters for approval or rejection. Other matters that may appear on state ballots include bond initiatives, amendments to the state constitution and recalls of state elected officials.
Local officials make up the vast majority of elected officials in the U.S. These officials include mayor, town or city council members, county commissioner, etc. The number and titles of elected local officials vary.
Affidavit–sworn statement in writing usually made under oath or affirmation, before an authorized officer, notary, or court official.
Congressional District–division of a state, based on population, electing one member to the U. S. House of Representatives.
Electoral Vote–votes cast for President and Vice President by presidential electors. When a citizen votes for a presidential candidate, the ballot is cast for the group of presidential electors associated with that candidate in that state.
Elector–a qualified voter. Also used for the 538 members of the Electoral College.
Federal Ballot–ballot listing only candidates for Federal offices.
Federal Post Card Application (SF- 76)–simultaneous voter registration/absentee ballot request form used by U. S. citizens covered by the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA).
Federal Write-in Absentee Ballot (SF- 186)–back-up Federal ballot used by UOCAVAcitizens to write in their choices for candidates for Federal offices in the general election if they have requested but not received their state ballot.
General Election–election held to choose among previously nominated candidates for Federal, state and local offices.
Municipal Election–election held in a city or town to vote for local officials or on questions of local interest.
Plurality–the difference in the number of votes cast for the two candidates receiving the most votes.
Popular Vote–number of votes cast by the people, as distinguished from the electoral vote.
Primary Election–election held to nominate a political party's candidates for the general election.
Closed Primary–primary in which voters must declare their political party affiliation and choose a candidate from that party's ballot.
Open Primary–primary in which voters may vote for the candidates of any party listed on the ballot.
Runoff–election held in some states if no candidate receives a specified percentage of the vote in the general election.
Last updated: 06.10.2013